Sentence structure Essay

  1. Introduction

A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense or tells a complete idea.

Examples:

  • I like to play with Canis familiariss.
  • Jay fell asleep while watching the film.

A sentence ever Tellswhoorwhatandwhat isorwhat happens.

Sentence can be divided into two parts topics and predicates

Subject:names person or something. The topic may be one word, or it may be more than one word.

Predicate:Tells what the topic is or does. The predicate may be one word, or it may be more than one word

  1. Types of sentences
  1. Anexclamatorysentence expresses a strong feeling. It ends with an

exclaiming grade.

  1. Anjussive moodsentence gives a bid or makes a petition. It ends with a period.
  2. Aninterrogativesentence asks a inquiry. It ends with a inquiry grade.

Aindicative moodsentence makes a statement. It ends with a period

1.2Components of a sentence

1.2.1Clauses

A clause typically contains at least a capable noun phrase and a finite verb. While the topic is normally a noun phrase, other sorts of phrases ( such as gerund phrases ) work every bit good, and some linguistic communications allow topics to be omitted. There are two types of clauses: independent and low-level ( dependent ) . An independent clause demonstrates a complete idea ; it is a complete sentence: for illustration, I am sad. A subsidiary clause is non a complete sentence: for illustration, because I have no friends. See besides copula for the effects of the verb to be on the theory of sentence construction.

A simple complete sentence consists of a individual clause. Other complete sentences consist of two or more clauses

1.2.2Structure

One traditional strategy for sorting English sentences is by the figure and types of finite clauses:

  • A simple sentence consists of a individual independent clause with no dependent clauses.
  • A compound sentence consists of multiple independent clauses with no dependent clauses. These clauses are joined together utilizing concurrences, punctuation, or both.
  • A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and at least one dependant clause.
  • A complex-compound sentence ( or compound-complex sentence ) consists of multiple independent clauses, at least one of which has at least one dependant clause.

Remember that every clause is, in a sense, a illumination sentence. A simple sentences contains merely a individual clause, while a compound sentence, a complex sentence, or a compound-complex sentence contains at least two clauses.

The Simple Sentence

The most basic type of sentence is the simple sentence, which contains merely one clause. A simple sentence can be every bit short as one word:

Run!

Normally, nevertheless, the sentence has a topic every bit good as a predicate and both the topic and the predicate may hold qualifiers. All of the following are simple sentences, because each contains merely one clause:

  • Thaw!
  • Icethaws.
  • The icethawsrapidly.
  • The ice on the riverthawsrapidly under the warm March Sun.
  • Liing exposed without its cover of snow, the ice on the riverthawsrapidly under the warm March Sun.

As you can see, a simple sentence can be rather long — it is a error to believe that you can state a simple sentence from a compound sentence or a complex sentence merely by its length.

The most natural sentence construction is the simple sentence: it is the first sort which kids learn to talk, and it remains by far the most common sentence in the spoken linguistic communication of people of all ages. In written work, simple sentences can be really effectual

for catching a reader ‘s attending or for summing up an statement, but you have to utilize them with attention: excessively many simple sentences can do your composing seem childish.

When you do use simple sentences, you should add transitional phrases to link them to the environing sentences.

The Compound Sentence

A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses ( or simple sentences ) joined by co-ordinating concurrences like “ and, ” “ but, ” and “ or ” :

  • Simple

Canada is a rich state.

  • Simple

Still, it has many hapless people.

  • Compound

Canada is a rich state, but still it has many hapless people.

Compound sentences are really natural for English talkers — little kids learn to utilize them early on to link their thoughts and to avoid pausing ( and leting an grownup to disrupt ) :

Today at school Mr. Moore brought in his pet coney, and he showed it to the category, and I got to pet it, and Kate held it, and we coloured images of it, and it ate portion of my carrot at tiffin, and…

Of class, this is an utmost illustration, but if you over-use compound sentences in written work, your composing might look immature.

A compound sentence is most effectual when you use it to make a sense of balance or contrast between two ( or more ) equally-important pieces of information:

Monteal has better nines, but Toronto has better film.

The Complex Sentence

A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one dependant clause. Unlike a compound sentence, nevertheless, a complex sentence contains clauses which are non equal. See the undermentioned illustrations:

Simple

My friend invited me to a party. I do non desire to travel.

Compound

My friend invited me to a party, but I do non desire to travel.

Complex

Although my friend invited me to a party, I do non desire to travel.

In the first illustration, there are two separate simple sentences: “ My friend invited me to a party ” and “ I do non desire to travel. ” The 2nd illustration joins them together into a individual sentence with the co-ordinating concurrence “ but, ” but both parts could still stand as independent sentences — they are wholly equal, and the reader can non state which is most of import. In the 3rd illustration, nevertheless, the sentence has changed rather a spot: the first clause, “ Although my friend invited me to a party, ” has become uncomplete, or a dependent clause.

A complex sentence is really different from a simple sentence or a compound sentence because it makes clear which thoughts are most of import. When you write

My friend invited me to a party. I do non desire to travel.

or even

My friend invited me to a party, but I do non desire to travel.

The reader will hold problem cognizing which piece of information is most of import to you. When you write the subordinating concurrence “ although ” at the beginning of the first clause, nevertheless, you make it clear that the fact that your friend invited you is less of import than, or subsidiary, to the fact that you do non desire to travel.

1.2.3By intent

Sentences can besides be classified based on their intent:

  • A declaratory sentence or declaration, the most common type, normally makes a statement: “ I have to travel to work. ”
  • An interrogative sentence or inquiry is normally used to bespeak information — “ Do I hold to travel to work? ” — but sometimes non ; see rhetorical inquiry.
  • An emphatic sentence or exclaiming is by and large a more emphasized signifier of statement showing emotion: “ I have to travel to work! ”
  • An imperative sentence or bid Tells person to make something ( and if done strongly may be considered both imperative and emphatic ) : “ Travel to work. ” or “ Travel to work! ”

1.3Concision / Clarity

Conciseness merely means brevity or shortness. It merely refers to how to do a sentence short, sharp and clear.

How to Make Conciseness:

  • Omit unneeded words.
  • Eliminate inappropriate enunciation for a more academic tone.
  • Get rid of repeat.
  • Revision to exclude excess prepositions ( on, of, for ) , concurrences ( and, or ) , and pronouns ( they, that, it ) .