A place, a infinite, and a idea are factors of brooding. Everyone belongs to one topographic point, and everyone needs a topographic point to brood. Dwelling is a philosophical construct which means to take shelter in ( Heidegger ) ; many books have included home as a subject to demo senses of place and belonging. Plato ‘s Apology and Crito and James Welch ‘s Fools Crow explain a sense of brooding within several characters, such as Socrates, Yellow Kidney, Fools Crow, and Fast Horse. These characters are of different ages, and they have different personalities and cultural backgrounds, even though they own the same sense of brooding. No affair who one is, where one is from, and in which century one is born, the significance of brooding seldom alterations because it is a factor common to all human existences.
To me, brooding is about self-reflection. It is a topographic point where a individual can populate comfortably in order to get away from world. Dwelling is a protective topographic point where safety is guaranteed ; one does non necessitate to worry about being in a unsafe state of affairs. Further, within brooding, a individual can reflect on the actions one has done, and analyze them to see if one has done the right thing. Through self-reflection, one can besides happen out one ‘s point of view of life and this point of view frequently varies between people. Last, brooding is a infinite filled with unreality. One can move irrationally because no others are able to detect it. Plato ‘s Apology and Crito and James Welch ‘s Fools Crow can offer more about the sense of home.
In Plato ‘s Apology and Crito, Socrates garbages to acknowledge the charge Meletus has accused him of. He is unwilling to get away and populate a new life where he will be blamed for godlessness ( Plato 30-48 ) . Although he is right in rule, Socrates has chosen to confront decease by get awaying from world. In Apology, Meletus claims that Socrates does non believe in the Gods of the province, and he has created his ain deities ( Plato 30 ) . Although Socrates has used his intelligence in debating to turn out that Meletus and his people are incorrect, he has been scheduled for executing. In Crito, Socrates explains the ground why he does non desire to get away. His involuntariness to get away may demo that Socrates considers decease as his home because the bulk in town believes that Socrates is a corruptness to the people. Socrates wants to get away from existent life to avoid more struggles between him and the town people.
Furthermore, Socrates feels more like a principled adult male if he does non refund immorality with immorality ( Plato 57 ) . After decease, people will laud him and he will be remembered. Socrates feels more comfy in decease than concealing around as a convicted adult male. Socrates starts a new thought about rule which still applies today, “ If we are harmed, we should non harm in return, whatever most people think ” ( Plato 56 ) . Socrates prefers non doing problem, even though he is harmed. He dwells in prison and endures the effects of all his offenses. He self-reflects in a manner that is different from others, as he teaches his hearers and himself a lesson while he talks. Unlike the characters in Fools Crow, Socrates ‘ sense of home is particular ; He does non see place and household as his home, but he instead considers decease.
In James Welch ‘s Fools Crow, Yellow Kidney ‘s fingers were cut off by the Crow folks. With this hurt, he is frustrated and he can ne’er confront his household and folk once more. Bing the leader of a folk, Yellow Kidney is humiliated by his mutilation. He changes from a courageous leader into a adult male who no longer laughs and no longer plays with his boies ( Welch 132 ) . Yellow Kidney decides to brood in his ain head, to see himself as the most hapless adult male in the universe. He can non confront his people every bit good as the world. At that clip, the pride of a leader is everything. It is the pride that allows him to take his folk. It is sensible for Yellow Kidney to lose his pride due to losing all his fingers, doing him unable to contend.
Despite the fact that Yellow Kidney loses his fingers, his sense of brooding can merely do him weak. When Yellow Kidney finally realizes that he can still populate his life without his fingers, he makes up his head to return to his household ( Welch 244 ) . After losing path of his sense of home, Yellow Kidney considers household as his forever home. Welch shows Yellow Kidney ‘s desire to return to his home, “ He wanted to watch his boies grow up, to assist them go work forces. He knew that things would ne’er be every bit good as they one time were, but he did wish to portion the Lodge with Heavy Shield Woman. They could populate together, turn old together ” ( Welch 244 ) . Although Yellow Kidney one time escapes from the world, he is despairing to brood once more because of his household. Further, the narrative of this leader explains that there is a clip period for self-reflection ; it is excessively late for him to respond. Having a similar sense, Fools Crow is another character who considers household as his home.
Fools Crow misses his household and the peace of Lone Eaters, the cantonment where he belongs, when he is off from place seeking for Fast Horse. He becomes mature and begins to believe of household, particularly after Red Paint tells him that they are traveling to hold a kid ( Welch 236 ) . Fools Crow grows from a immature adolescent to a courageous adult male who carries all the duties after he succeeds from the foray. His small household has become the topographic point where he dwells. From his sense of household to his regard to Boss Ribs by happening his boy, Fools Crow has developed his thoughtful head. “ He thought of the many times Boss Ribs had opened the Beaver Medicine, how the people came to him in desperation and left with hope in their Black Marias, how the immature 1s learned the ways of the old rites by detecting him and his sacred assistants, how the unhealthy 1s gained strength through the medical specialty. “ I will look for him, ” said Fools Crow ” ( Welch 202 ) . Fools Crow is able to acknowledge Boss Ribs ‘ sort work. He decides to make Boss Ribs a favour because he cares about his people. Fools Crow non merely sees household as his home, but he besides sees Lone Eaters, his place topographic point, as his home because of the peace at that place. He enjoys life in a quiet country where no problem will be found. Unlike Yellow Kidney and Fools Crow who own a sense of home, Fast Horse is a contrasting character in Fools Crow.
Fast Horse finds that Lone Eaters has nil to offer him, and the universe exterior is more appealing. “ The idea of runing, of roll uping robes, of the changeless hunt for meat seems unpointed to him. There were easier ways of deriving wealth ” ( Welch 193 ) . Fast Horse has a batch of alibis to demo his house determination on going. Among the four characters, Fast Horse is the lone 1 who is running off from his home. He demanded freedom every bit good as celebrity. By gulling Yellow Kidney and doing him maimed, Fast Horse has lost his face in the town. It is his guilt and cowardliness that lead him to go forth his folk. Furthermore, Fast Horse has the aspiration to seek for something new. His involuntariness to remain in one topographic point makes him a different character in Fools Crow.
Most people find that home is about hometown, household, and friends. However, some people, such as Fast Horse, have different sentiment on brooding. They do non prefer home, or they are forced to go forth their home. They are like nomads. By the narratives of the four chief characters, it is known that the sense of brooding seldom alterations through centuries ; Socrates was born in 469BC in Greece ( Hooker ) . The narrative of Fools Crow takes topographic point in 1870 in America ( Welch ) . I was born in China in 1990. About 2500 old ages ago, Socrates already felt a sense of brooding in prison. These facts show that the sense of home is cosmopolitan without clip period. In add-on, brooding can ne’er vanish because everyone needs a topographic point to settle down. Cipher can go around all the clip. In my sentiment, those without homes have worse and shorter lives than those who have homes. If one has the option to pick a topographic point for home, where would that topographic point be?
- Anderson, Albert A. Plato ‘s Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo. Minneapolis: Agora Publications, Incorporated, 2005.
- Heidegger, Martin. “ Building Dwelling Thinking. ” Constructing Dwelling Thinking. 25 Sept. 2008. Athenaeum Library of Philosophy. & A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //evans-experientialism.freewebspace.com /heidegger7a.htm & A ; gt ; .
- Hooker, Richard. “ Socrates. ” Grecian Philosophy. 23 Sept. 2008. Washington State University. 1996 & A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.wsu.edu/~dee/greece/socrates.htm & A ; gt ; .
- Welch, James. Fools Crow. New York: Penguin Books, Limited, 1987.