The six-column framework for differentiated instruction proposes that if we are trying to comprehend and construct classrooms in which differentiated instruction can grow, there are several components that we need to search and be mindful of in our preparation and teaching. Educators must explore the framework and recognize what they are already utilizing in the classroom and why these components are needed for supporting differentiation. These components are necessary and we must work constantly on all of them so that all students obtain what is necessary in learning and communicating (Gregory, 2008).
The six-column frameworks are, 1) Climate, 2) Knowing the learner, 3) Assessing the learning, 4) Adjustable assignments 5) Individual strategies and 6) Curriculum approaches (Gregory, 2008). The benefits to the six-column framework for differentiated instruction are not only for meeting the different needs of all learners, but also for guaranteeing better educational results. In addition the benefit also is a framework that aids in efficient instruction that includes providing students with diverse opportunities in attaining content; processing, creating and making sense of concepts.
In addition, it is to improving teaching materials and assessment methods so that all learners inside a classroom can learn successfully, regardless of dissimilarities in aptitudes. Learners differ in culture, socio-economic status, language, sexual characteristics, inspiration, capability, disability, and more, Educators need to be conscious of these multiplicities as they are organizing their curriculum. By seeing diverse learning necessities, teachers can improve modified lessons so that all students within the classroom can learn efficiently.
This framework can be used in preparation for differentiated instruction in several ways. Differentiated instruction; Carol Ann Tomlinson (2011, p. 32) proposes; is the method of making certain that what a student learns, by what method he or she learns it, and in what manner the student exhibits what he/she has learned is a match for that student’s readiness level, interests and style of learning. In utilizing differentiated instruction, teachers can prepare aterials for student variation in readiness levels, benefits and learning profiles. This is in a classroom where all learners are incorporated and can be effective. In completing this task, a teacher arranges different expectancies of achievement for students when completing assignments daily and is centered on their specific needs. In order to understand the framework in preparation for differentiated instruction, identifying with how our students learn and what they recognize, (pre-assessment and continuing assessment) are important.
This offers response for both the educator and the student with the definitive goal of enhancing student learning (Tomlinson, 2011). Leaders might use this framework to support change or improve instruction by demonstrating instructional leadership in facilitating, cultivating, and supporting the academic development of learners. School improvement and instructional leader efficacy; consist of high expectations of learners and educators, a stress on instruction, delivery of professional development, and use of information to assess student’s growth.
In addition, leaders can use this framework to support change or improve instruction by, 1) content, 2) process, 3) product, and 4) learning backgrounds built on the individual student. Differentiation comes from models and the variations between students, by what method they learn, learning choices and individual benefits. For these reason, differentiation is a structured, thus supple way of positively adjusting teaching and learning approaches to provide each student’s learning needs and choices in order to attain his/her maximum progression as a learner.
These actions can be categorized into three categories of interactions: between the administrator and educators; between the administrator and the community, and between the administrator, teacher students and parents (Tomlinson, 2011). Concept formation’s purpose is to have teachers cautiously survey activities, methods, and assess abilities to improve the ideal differentiated instructional approaches. Different collaborating instructional practice can be utilized in offering a pre-assessment of the educators, starting with suggesting ideas, supportive learning teams, discussion, resolving dilemmas, and practice by coworkers during training.
The purpose of each step and these collaborative instructional implements is to improve a comprehension of how well educators can apply critical thinking abilities and to improve differentiated instructional approaches. Hence, the teacher is provided an abstract of the educator with the model formation activities instead of just providing the teacher with standard information to examine the effectiveness of the instructor’s abilities (Gregory, 2008). Classroom climates are the intelligent, social, emotional, and physical settings in which our students learn.
The primary considerations when determining classroom climate are by a group of interrelating aspects that contain faculty-student collaboration, the tone the teachers set, examples of stereotyping, and the size of ethnic and social groups registered in the course (course demographics). In addition, student-student interaction, and an array of perceptions exemplified in the course content, materials, establishment inside the classroom, attitudes concerning student attainment, and how much freedom the teacher gives students inside the classroom; is the primary consideration when determining classroom climate (Gregory, 2008).
In differentiated instruction teachers can use instructional strategies by determining class structure, class size, and classroom organization. As a result, if the teacher has a big class of different learners, he/she might want to make certain that cooperative groups are formed to improve perceptions of impartiality in grading and solidity between the students are created.
When including this into professional development in differentiated instruction, teachers must maintain continuous improvements of learning for all students, including those with diverse learning needs, learning styles, gradual abilities in learning, those from diverse ethnicities and linguistic backgrounds. In addition, professional development in differentiated instruction can be used in collaborative leadership and shared accountability for enhancing teaching and learning (NYSEd. gov, 2012).
We must continually adjust to the classroom in meeting the needs of learners, rather than adjust learners in meeting the needs of our classrooms. The best teaching practices are those that support all learners in a classroom and are attentive to diverse characteristics to academic, cultural, linguistic, and socioeconomic diversity of all learners. In implementing school improvement of student achievement, understanding of best teaching practices and the creation of combination instructions; can aid in helping administrators, staff and students achieve success (Stuff4Educators. com, 2009).
Gregory, G.H. (2008). Differentiated Instructional Strategies in Practice: Training, Implementation, and Supervision (2nd edition.). Corwin Press: Thousand Oaks, CA NYSEd.gov. (2012). Professional Development Standards: Office of Teaching Initiatives. Retrieved from http://www.highered.nysed.gov/tcert/resteachers/pd.html Sousa, D. A. ; Tomlinson, C. A. (2011). Differentiation and the brain: How neuroscience supports the learner-friendly classroom. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press. Stuff4Educators.com. (2009). Differentiated Instruction. Retrieved from http://stuff4educators.com/index.php?p=1_63_Differentiated-Instruction