A Research Report on Modelling and Rigging Essay

Modeling and Riging by Jake Ashmore

While working on the ANIM3002 brief for RJDM Studios, this research study will look into how 3D creative persons create their work, utilizing right border flow, every bit good as good modeling pattern to make their high quality work. Alongside that, it shall research into assorted set uping techniques that were used, and how they were implemented, explicating how these helped with the character. Some of the creative persons who have been looked at are Ryan Kittleson, whose work was utile in making the initial border flow for the characters, every bit good as Brian Tindall, who has done extended work into making 3D work with good articulation. The concluding creative person whose work was examined was Andrew Hickinbottom, whose work to a great extent inspired this group’s artistic styling designs of the characters.

Outside of these creative persons, work from Pixar, Disney, and DreamWorks has been looked into, particularly that of Cloud with a opportunity of Meatballs.

Through this research, it shall so travel on to explicate how the work was created, utilizing which techniques, every bit good as how the research benefitted the undertaking.


The intent of this research study is to sketch the research used for making to initial creative activity of the characters, and environment in the undertaking running aboard this piece of work.

With that in head this has been created with the intent of concentrating on the patterning techniques borrowed and used in the creative activity of the attach toing work, and so followed by the set uping techniques that were used in this undertaking.

Within this study we shall look at the selected and experimented techniques used, in which we tried to make the best consequences with the restraints set in topographic point for the undertaking, such as polygon count, and life length etcetera. This meant looking at assorted creative persons in our field who have come up with assorted attacks and stylistic picks to each of their undertaking that we could look at and accommodate to our ain work.

While looking at this, this study will besides research the assorted other ventures in seeking to do the undertaking easier for the group, and how they either succeeded, albeit with a monetary value, or how they failed to rush up the procedure.


The initial research conducted for this undertaking was broken down into different subdivisions for each group member, leting them the freedom to research what they believed was necessary for the overall result of the undertaking. This research study in peculiar focal points on the work of Jake Ashmore, researching what he looked into, and how it benefitted his work.

The first piece of research conducted was to look into right patterning techniques, and ways to make the best border flow for the overdone life needed for the undertaking. To make this Jake looked into assorted creative persons, researching their modeling patterns and analyzing how he could implement them into his ain work. In peculiar he looked at the dislocation of their character meshes, and identified different countries on the characters that would be best used for deforming and pull stringsing the characters. With this done he was so able to get down work on the characters, accommodating tutorials by Ryan Kittleson on border flow to his ain character.

Once the character was finished being modelled and handed off to this following individual for them to make their work, Jake could so get down on looking into assorted set uping techniques done by the creative persons he has looked at earlier, while besides spread outing who he was looking at, and researching different plans that could assist with the tackle, such as auto-riggers, and other plugin’s designed to rush up the tackle procedure. This meant observation tutorials on YouTube of well-known 3D creative persons, and utilizing their techniques and using it to their ain characters, such as Poly-Face’s facial tackle tutorials, and Animation-Studios Advanced Skeleton auto-rigger.

With this research done on these assorted subdivisions it was merely a instance of using the techniques learned to the undertaking and doing certain the provided the best possible result.


To get down the essay it needs to get down where the creative activity of the characters 3D physique began, the modeling. The research for this, due to it being an life focussed undertaking, was focussed on creative persons who have good cognition of edge-flow, distortion, and articulation. With this in head Jake began by looking at three creative persons, Ryan Kittleson who shall be spoken about foremost, so will be followed up by Brian Tindall, and eventually Andrew Hickinbottom. The ground for utilizing these three as picks is their expertness in their several Fieldss.

Ryan Kittleson

The first individual who was research for the interest of patterning the initial edge-flow and character base was Ryan Kittleson. He was foremost found while looking for tutorials on how to construct basic edge-flow for the initial start of a character, and his tutorial provided an in deepness expression into how to get down, and acquire to a point where you could get down adding item without holding to worry approximately have to determine the flow of the borders subsequently.

After happening and watching this tutorial Jake so took it further and began looking into more facets of Ryan Kittleson, and the assorted other plants he had produced to see if they were helpful, this involved looking more into Ryan Kittleson himself and seeing what occupations he had held, what work he had done, and what other tutorials may be utile.

Ryan Kittleson lives in America and got his BFA in Illustration from Easy Carolina University, he so moved to Orlando Florida, in which he 3D modeling and digital sculpting at Full Sail University, which focusses on the universe of amusement and media, and now lives in New York City as a CG creative person. He has a broad sum of avocations and involvements, such as snorkelling, quantum, and cosmic natural philosophies, every bit good as, in his ain words “randomly faltering upon eldritch things” . This personality of his reflects in his work, which is in deepness and interesting, but besides merriment and gratifying to follow, even after multiple screenings of his tutorials, they don’t tend to go humdrum.

Another ground as to why Jake used Ryan Kittleson as research was due to the experience his has in the life, and games industry, he has worked for rather a few different companies such as Random Games, every bit good as free-lance, On top of that he has besides been awarded, or really about won several competitions and movie festivals, such as winning the “Award of Excellence” in in writing design in 2005, and coming 2neodymiumtopographic point for his short life at the Juried Emerald Eye Film Festival in 2003.

While happening him ab initio on YouTube, Ryan Kittleson besides does many tutorials on changing 3D topics on lynda.com such as his “Modelling a Fictional character in Maya” tutorials which was used alongside his “3D patterning tutorial for the torso” which was used to make the initial edge-flow for both the Doug character, and the Bluck character.

Ryan Kittleson’s work was particularly utile for making the character of Bluck, as it allowed Jake to make a double-shouldered character, which so allowed for Bluck to be animated decently thanks to the proper edge-flow used.

With utilizing these tutorials Jake was able to successfully the base shapes needed for Doug and Bluck, particularly since his tutorial on making the trunk is really thorough with explicating the grounds behind necessitating right edge-flow, the importance of good image-plains, and how best to travel on to making more item without messing up the edge-flow.

This so moves us on to our following individual who helped with making the more detail edge-flow needed, for the articulation while inspiring, Brian Tindall.

Brian Tindall

The following individual who was researched for making the edge-flow, and more item for the characters was Brian Tindall, he was chosen after happening his website hypertext transfer protocol: //www.hippydrome.com/ and after reading through the web site, purchasing his book “The Art of Moving Points” .

Although his work was non straight for usage with the Autodesk Maya package, the ground it was utile is because it explained how proper edge-flow, and edifice with articulation in head was needed for making a to the full animatable character, and since the focal point on the groups chosen brief was to concentrate on that really thing, constructing with that in head was a must.

Much like with Ryan Kittleson, the research done into Brian Tindall was comparatively in deepness, as while seeking to happen more work he had done started out ab initio disputing due to holding found hypertext transfer protocol: //www.hippydrome.com/ foremost and holding trouble larning his name. Once his name had been found out though it turned out he played rather a large function in some of the movies we were utilizing for mention, specifically with the fact he worked for Pixar, one of the chief companies the group was pulling inspiration from.

Brian Tindall started off analyzing a bachelor’s degree industrial design at Western Michigan University, after which he graduated, and managed to acquire a occupation at Pixar, where he worked for 12 old ages. While working for Pixar as a Character Technical Director he won some awards, such as the VES Award for Best Animated Character in an alive gesture image, which he got for “Up” in 2010.

He left Pixar in 2013 and started working for Laika Studios as a CG Modeller, and is presently working on the 3D stop-motion/CGI intercrossed movie Boxtrolls. He is a steadfast truster in 3D Printing and believes that it will hold many utilizations in the hereafter, such as utilizing it to make replacing parts at place for material that interruptions.

He is besides working on his book which I mentioned before, which he said he created so the professionals and pupils likewise can utilize it to better their character and lifes, which is why it was rather a spot portion of the groups undertaking.

While utilizing the book it explains how best to divide characters into parts, leting for realistic distortion to happen, utilizing his method Jake was able to divide the character into sections, so that when he was set uping the character, he could set the castanetss into the right topographic points, to make the needed distortions. This was particularly utile when it came to making the characters articulatio genuss, cubituss, and shoulder, which would hold high sums of distortion.

Aboard edifice for articulation, and distortion, he besides gives intimations and tips of set uping your character, for illustration he shows where best to make a system to restrict motion in certain waies, for illustration with the articulatio genus, merely leting it to majorly flex so far frontward, compared to the backwards where it gets a batch more motion.

While constructing the characters, merely looking how to construct them with the thoughts in head of distortion and articulation wasn’t traveling to work, which is why I looked at the following creative person for my stylistic aid with constructing the characters.

Andrew Hickinbottom

The concluding individual who was researched in order to get down completing off the characters was Andrew Hickinbottom. The concluding behind taking him is that his manner is really visually appealing, and instead alone. Many of his characters are instead risque as he goes for a much more pin-up manner of design. Although most of his work is by and large focussed upon the pin-up manner, he is really good rounded in that he doesn’t merely make that, and has many visually appealing characters.

Andrew Hickinbottom is from the United Kingdom, and lives in London, where he works as a free-lance creative person, and his country of expertness is character patterning, sketch character design, pinup illustration, and fetish illustration. He on a regular basis appears at Comic-Con, in which our group member Steve got the privilege to run into him, holding a print of his we could utilize for mention. His work every bit appeared in several magazines, and books, such as 3D Artist magazine, 3D Creative magazine, and a few of the Digital Art Masters books

With this in head, it allowed Jakes group to make their ain characters in a similar manner, which showed at the terminal with Doug’s textures, and instead square characteristics, inspired by Andrew Hickinbottom’s work.

While there was much more available on his old work, every bit good as occupations and awards he had done/received, there wasn’t much to be found in respects to come on work of his, this meant that when patterning while utilizing his characters as inspiration, all that was available were his character sculpts, and a few wireframes, but they did the fast one in the terminal.


Traveling on from speaking about the research done for the modeling, this study shall now speak about what was done for the tackle of both characters. In this subdivision it shall speak about the different stairss taken to make up one’s mind on the concluding procedure to get down and complete both the organic structure tackle, and the facial tackle, which were both done individually.

To make the tackle, we used a mixture of an auto-rigger we found called Advanced-Skeleton, and manual tackle which was created following the tutorials created by Poly Face, utilizing the systems already implemented into Autodesk Maya.

The first thing to be spoken about shall be Advanced-Skeleton, followed up by Poly Face.


Advanced-Skeleton is an auto-rigger created for Autodesk Maya, by the people from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.animationstudios.com.au/ and is continually updated to do better betterments to its system, as they believe it can merely acquire better, while besides holding to maintain up with Autodesk’s go oning updates for Maya. The system as they describe was put in topographic point to seek and simplify tackle, and comes with changing built in skeletons for you to utilize, such as basic human skeleton, to extremely advanced skeleton with Driven Keys already set up for the custodies and other parts, and besides to more complex skeletons such as birds, and quadrupeds.

The group ab initio found out about Advanced-Skeleton through a class mate which prompted them to look into it, and after being impressed by the tutorials shown on their YouTube channel decided to trust on the plan to seek and do the set uping subdivision of the undertaking shorter, leting them to acquire on with animating, the chief focal point of their brief.

Watching the tutorials provided showed the groups different ways the tool could be used, and giving information on the tackle procedure, such as utilizing a mention character for the tackle, this meant that the character be both textured and set uping at the same clip.

Looking into Advanced-Skeleton allowed Jake to be able to experiment with the different tackle techniques that were available with the plan, such as assorted clambering techniques, in which the group eventually settled on the Skin-Cage option, which built a proxy character to be shaped around the character, and so jump the skeleton to fit the country the Skin-Cage covered. Other things discovered were ways to doing the vesture of their character Doug, which was separate to the remainder of him, were to utilize a SubWrap, which efficaciously wrapped the vesture around the character, and constrained it to follow.

Advanced-Skeleton seemed to be the reply to their tackle job, and it was up until the facial tackle, which due to unanticipated mistakes which they couldn’t work about forced them to abandon the plan, and do the facial tackle manually.

Poly Face

After holding to abandon Advanced-Skeleton due to the facial tackle non working, Jake was told about Poly Face by his teammates, as they had used this in the yesteryear. This was a welcome chance as the merely old facial set uping Jake had done was Blend Shapes, which in their brief wouldn’t have been equal.

What Poly Face is, is a big aggregation of CG Artists, who all portion their experience and create tutorials for fledglings to larn the package all for free, many of whom work in the industry.

Poly Faces tutorial was ab initio a full in-depth set uping physique of a character from the base up, explicating assorted techniques and tools to be used while making the rig, but all that was needed from this was the last picture on the creative activity of facial tackle and controls.

The tutorial focussed on giving the spectator the basic tools and skillset needed for facial tackle, and after a few tickers of the picture Jake was able to utilize to make the facial controls for both Bluck and Doug as for both characters they were created in the same manner.

At the beginning of the tutorial it explains about making tonss of unconnected articulations and attaching them to the vertexes in the countries you want to pull strings, one time you have the articulation placed where you want it, you so travel and make a control for it, he used nurbs surfaces, which in bend was besides used by the group, but besides curves as used for the remainder of the organic structure would of worked merely every bit good.

After the control is created, it explained to so restrain it by normal to the face, so that it follows the edge-flow on the face better, therefore leting for more realistic control. With this done, you so restrain the joint to the control, so that the joint follows the control, therefore besides following the edge-flow you have created, and so continue to add the joint as an influence object. After this has been explained, it is the same as normal weight painting anyplace else ; you merely paint where you want the joint to act upon. With that done you merely reiterate until you have all the facial tackle done. The 1s the tutorials showed were for the superciliums, which I replicated, but the tutorial besides went on to explicate where else you should set them, such as the lips, cheeks, palpebras, and nose.


From this research the group was able to make two to the full finished characters, one which was a basic homo, and another more advanced one in the signifier of a poulet. If it were non for the aid and information provided by these the result of the undertaking may non hold been up to standard, and therefore non of been as high quality as we were expected to bring forth.

Ryan Kittleson’s tutorial on making the trunk has proved to boundlessly valuable, and will more than probably be referred back to in subsequently undertaking, much the same with Poly-Face, as if it weren’t for his easy to understand tutorial, the facial tackle for the characters would of taken a batch longer than they did.

Other decisions that have come up seem to be non to trust on auto-riggers and the similar, due to their opportunities of weakness, which more than probably would non of happened while making the set uping yourself, although the velocity and truth that happens when it does work can’t be denied.

One thing I would alter about Brian Tindall’s work is that possibly it might be deserving explicating how to make good articulation with a lower polygon character, due to sometimes non holding the poly-count to leting for such item.

All in all though, there is no denying that it is thanks to these peoples work that the group’s undertaking was a success and was able to be finished in the criterion of quality that was achieved.